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James Jay Carafano

James Carafano is a leading expert in defense and homeland security at The Heritage Foundation.


Recognizing that the war against terrorism will be a protracted conflict, Carafano's research focuses on developing the national security that the nation needs to secure the long-term interests of the United States – protecting its citizens, providing for economic growth, and preserving civil liberties.


An accomplished historian and teacher, Carafano was an Assistant Professor at the U.S. Military Academy in West Point, N.Y., and served as Director of Military Studies at the Army's Center of Military History. He also taught at Mount Saint Mary College in New York and served as a Fleet Professor at the U.S. Naval War College. He is a Visiting Professor at the National Defense University and Georgetown University .


Carafano is the author of several military books, history books and studies. His latest is Private Sector/Public Wars: Contracting in Combat-Iraq, Afghanistan and Future Conflicts, a rigorous study of the role of contractors on the battlefield and their impact on military effectiveness and civil society.


Carafano also is the coauthor of Winning the Long War: Lessons from the Cold War for Defeating Terrorism and Preserving Freedom. The first to coin the term, the "long war," the authors argue that a successful strategy requires a balance of prudent military and security measures, continued economic growth, the zealous protection of civil liberties and winning the "war of ideas" against terrorist ideologies.


In addition, Carafano is the coauthor of the textbook, Homeland Security published by McGraw-Hill. Homeland Security is a practical introduction to everyday life in the new era of terrorism. Numerous key details are addressed, from roles of first responders and volunteers to family preparedness techniques to in-depth descriptions of weapons of mass destruction.


Carafano was also the principal author of the budget analysis in the 2003 Independent Task Force Report, Emergency Responders: Drastically Underfunded, Dangerously Unprepared, published by the Council on Foreign Relations. He was also a contributing author to the National Academies Army Science and Technology for Homeland Security 2004 report and co-director of the task force report, DHS 2.0: Rethinking the Department of Homeland Security.


His other works include: G.I. Ingenuity: Improvisation, Technology and Winning World War II (2006); Waltzing Into the Cold War (2002) by Texas A & M University; After D-Day, a Military Book Club main selection (2000). Carafano is currently writing a book about modern military history. He is also editing the forthcoming book series, "The Changing Face of War," which examines how emerging political, social, economic and cultural trends will affect the nature of conflict.


As an expert on defense, intelligence, and homeland security issues, he has testified before the U.S. Congress and has provided commentary for ABC, BBC, CBS, CNBC, CNN, C-SPAN, Fox News, MSNBC, NBC, SkyNews, PBS, National Public Radio, the History Channel, Voice of America, Al Jazeera, and Australian, Austrian, Canadian, French, Greek, Hong Kong, Irish, Japanese, Portuguese, and Spanish television. His editorials have appeared in newspapers nationwide including The Baltimore Sun, The Boston Globe, The New York Post, Philadelphia Inquirer, USA Today and The Washington Times .


Carafano joined Heritage in 2003 as a Senior Research Fellow after serving as a Senior Fellow at the Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments, a Washington policy institute dedicated to defense issues. In 2006, Carafano became Assistant Director of Heritage's Kathryn and Shelby Cullom Davis Institute for International Studies.


Before becoming a policy expert, he served 25 years in the Army, rising to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. During his service, Carafano served in Europe, Korea, and the United States and was head speechwriter for the Army Chief of Staff, the service's highest-ranking officer. Before retiring, he was Executive Editor of Joint Force Quarterly, the Defense Department's premiere professional military journal.


Carafano is a member of the National Academy's Board on Army Science and Technology, the Department of the Army Historical Advisory Committee, and is a Senior Fellow at the George Washington University's Homeland Security Policy Institute.


A graduate of West Point, Carafano also has a master's degree and a doctorate from Georgetown University and a master's degree in strategy from the U.S. Army War College. In 2005, Carafano earned Heritage's prestigious Drs. W. Glenn and Rita Ricardo Campbell Award. It is given to the employee who has delivered "an outstanding contribution to the analysis and promotion of the Free Society."

The U.S. Needs to Wake Up to the Threat of Chinese Legal Warfare.

Lawfare, or legal warfare, is an emerging threat to U.S. forces and interests around the world, and one that China is intent on using to bludgeon any nation that opposes it. As Dean Cheng at the Heritage Foundation argues in a new report, this offensive...

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The U.S.'s Somalia policy: Time for a Change.

Somalia is well known as a lawless, anarchic haven for terrorism and piracy. Since the events known as "Black Hawk Down" in 1993, the U.S. has been hesitant to become involved in Somalia. Though some efforts have been made to improve stability and governance, they...

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Wanted: Missile Defense Program to Meet Threats the U.S. Faces

Several weeks ago, North Korea launched a missile that, if successful, would have been capable of carrying a nuclear warhead to the continental U.S. In spite of such dangers and despite promises to maintain a vigorous missile defense program, when one looks at budget proposals...

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One Year Later: Lessons from Recovery After the Great Eastern Japan Earthquake

It is said that a wise man learns from the mistakes of others while a foolish man only learns from his own mistakes. The same applies to disaster preparedness and recovery. The U.S. would be wise to learn from the experiences of Japan in handling...

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50 Terror Plots Foiled Since 9/11

A year ago this week, the news that Osama bin Laden had been killed was heard throughout the world and headlines read that "justice had been served." To be sure, the death of bin Laden marked a major victory in the war on terrorism. It...

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Terrorism in the Northern Caucasus- Russia's Failure Is Becoming the World's Concern

The Northern Caucasus has become increasingly unstable as the growth of Islamist terrorists under the banner of the Caucasus Emirate, have joined the global Islamist movement. A new paper by Ariel Cohen at The Heritage Foundation details the threat in this dangerous region and...

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Homeland Security Budget Needs Improvement

About a month ago, a want-to-be suicide bomber was arrested just blocks away from Capitol Hill and my office at The Heritage Foundation. Thankfully, a sting by law enforcement agencies kept the public from harm, but the story should be a stark reminder that the...

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Defending America Should Take Priority

The President's FY 2013 budget gets its priorities all wrong. A new paper by Baker Spring from the Heritage Foundation shows that by slashing the defense budget, Obama is making a clear statement- defense is our last priority. Baker reveals an unfortunate truth: defense will...

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